Please email Paul if unable to secure a reprint of any desired articles listed below. For a full list of publications please also see here.





Dickson EJ, Monk JE, Lee C, McDonald PG, Narayan E, Campbell DL (2024) Loss of a grooming enrichment impacts physical, behavioural, and physiological measures of welfare in grazing beef cattle. Animal, 18(3), 101091.   Website


Hämäläinen L, Binns GE, Hart NS, Mappes J, McDonald PG, O’Neill LG, Rowland HM, Umbers KDL, Herberstein ME (2024) Predator selection on multicomponent warning signals in an aposematic moth. Behavioral Ecology, 35, arad097.   Website


Kern JM, McDonald PG (2024) Location and caller familiarity influence mobbing behaviour and the likely ecological impact of noisy miners around colony edges. Journal of Avian Biology, e03231.   Website


Teixeira D, Roe P, van Rensburg BJ, Linke S, McDonald PG, Tucker D, Fuller S (2024) Effective ecological monitoring using passive acoustic sensors: Recommendations for conservation practitioners. Conservation Science and Practice, e13132.   Website





Allen-Ankins S, McKnight DT, Nordberg EJ, Hoefer S, Roe P, Watson DM, McDonald PG, Fuller RA, Schwarzkopf L. (2023) Effectiveness of acoustic indices as indicators of vertebrate biodiversity. Ecological Indicators, 147, p.109937.   Website


Etezadifar F, Major RE, McDonald PG (2023) Morphometric and physiological development confirm skull ossification level as a reliable indicator of age in a passerine bird, the Noisy Miner. Journal of Ornithology, 164, 455-465. DOI: 10.1007/s10336-022-02027-7. .  Website


Crates R, McDonald PG, Melton CB, Maron M, Ingwersen D, Mowat E, Breckenridge M, Murphy L, Heinsohn R. (2023) Towards effective management of an overabundant native bird: the noisy miner. Conservation Science and Practice, 5(2), p.e12875.   Website


Hu H, Wang Y, Fabbri M, O'Connor JK, McDonald PG, Wroe S, Yin X, Zheng X, Zhou Z, Benson RBJ (2023) Cranial osteology and palaeobiology of the Early Cretaceous bird Jeholornis prima (Aves: Jeholornithiformes). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 198(1), 93-112.   Website


Hughes GN, Streeting LM, Burns A, McDonald PG (2023) Towards a diagnostic tool for turtle ootaxonomy: Investigation of microstructural differences in the eggshells of Australian freshwater turtles. Ichthyology & Herpetology, 111(1), 138-148.   Website


Schwarzkopf L, Roe P, McDonald PG, Watson DM, Fuller RA, Allen‐Ankins S (2023) Can an acoustic observatory contribute to the conservation of threatened species? Austral Ecology, 48, 1230–1237. DOI:10.1111/aec.13398   Website


Streeting LM, Dillon ML, Nesbitt J, Nesbitt B, Baker L, Spark PH, Chessman BC, McKnight DT, McDonald PG, Bower DS (2023) A shocking result—Electric fences protect western saw‐shelled turtle (Myuchelys bellii) nests from depredation by foxes. Austral Ecology, 48, 1571-1587. DOI: 10.1111/aec.13385.   Website





Dickson EJ, Campbell DL, Lee C, Lea JM, McDonald PG, Monk JE. (2022) Beef cattle preference and usage of environmental enrichments provided simultaneously in a pasture-based environment. Animals, 12(24), 3544.   Website (open access)


Etezadifar F, Vickers JAT, French K, McDonald PG, Barati A, Andrew RL, Major RE (2022) Repeated experimental removals unveil sex and age-specific dispersal strategies in a social passerine bird. Wildlife Research, 50(2), 141-151.   Website


Fountain J, McDonald PG (2022) Do differences in the availability of anthropogenic food resources influence the observed levels of agonistic behaviour in Noisy Miners (Manorina melanocephala)? Emu, 122(1), 61-70 Website


Hu H, Wang Y, McDonald PG, Wroe S, O'Connor JK, Bjarnason A, Bevitt JJ, Yin X, Zheng X, Zhou Z, Benson RBJ (2022) Earliest evidence for fruit consumption and potential seed dispersal by birds. eLife 11: e74751.    Website


Hughes GN, Burns A, McDonald PG (2022) Nesting refuge structures are ineffective at protecting Bell's turtle (Myuchelys bellii) nests from red fox (Vulpes vulpes) depredation. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 21: 98-105.   Website


Lambert KTA, Reid N, Loyn RH, McDonald PG (2022) Understanding and managing the role of bell miners (Manorina melanophrys) in forest dieback: a review of the ecological and management evidence. Forest Ecology and Management, 523, 120470.   Website


McDonald PG, Doohan S, Eveleigh K (2022) Using referential alarm signals to remotely quantify ‘landscapes of fear’ in fragmented woodland. Bioacoustics 31: 629-645.   Website


Mesken J, Beckmann C, McDonald PG (2022) A simple methodology for creating and applying replicable, photo-accurate colouration to 3D-printed models for animal behaviour studies. Ethology 128: 734-741.   Website (open access)


Streeting LM, Bower DS, Dillon ML, Spark P, Gough M, Skidmore A, McDonald PG, Delaney H, Burns A, Watson S, Dissanayake DSB, Georges A, McKnight DT (2022) Optimising the hatching success of artificially incubated eggs for use in a conservation program for the western saw-shelled turtle (Myuchelys bellii). Australian Journal of Zoology, 70(2), 74-82.   Website





Barati A, Andrew RL, McDonald PG. (2021). Nestling sex does not influence provisioning effort of parents or helpers in a cooperative bird with a male‑biased helper contingent. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 75: 94-89.   Website


Farrow LF, Andronicos NM, McDonald PG, Hamlin AS (2021) Quantitative determination of neuronal size and density using flow cytometry. Journal of Neuroscience Methods 352: 109081.   Website


Melton CB, Reside AE, Simmonds JS, McDonald PG, Major RE, Crates R, Catterall CP, Clarke MF, Grey MJ, Davitt G, Ingwersen D (2021) Evaluating the evidence of culling a native species for conservation benefits. Conservation Science and Practice 3: 549.   Website


Roe P, Eichinski P, Fuller RA, McDonald PG, Schwarzkopf L, Towsey M, Truskinger A,Tucker D, Watson DM (2021) The Australian Acoustic Observatory. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 12: 1802-1808.   Website





Farrow LF, Barati A, McDonald PG (2020) Cooperative bird discriminates between individuals based purely on their aerial alarm calls. Behavioral Ecology 31: 440-447.   Website


Griffin AS, Brown C, Woodworth BK, Ballard G, Blanch S, Campbell HA, Crewe TL, Hansbro PM, Herbert CA, Hosking T, Hoye BJ, Law B, Leigh K, Machovsky-Capuska GE, Rasmussen T, McDonald PG, Roderick M, Slade C, Mackenzie SA, Taylor PD (2020) A large-scale automated radio telemetry network for monitoring movements of terrestrial wildlife in Australia. Australian Zoologist 40: 379-391.   Website


Hu H, O’Connor JK, McDonald PG, Wroe S (2020) Cranial osteology of the Early Cretaceous Sapeornis chaoyangensis

(Aves: Pygostylia). Cretaceous Research 113: 104496.  Website


Hu H, O’Connor JK, Wang M, Wroe S, McDonald PG (2020) New anatomical information on the bohaiornithid Longusunguis and the presence of a plesiomorphic diapsid skull in Enantiornithes. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 18: 1481-1495.   Website


Hughes GN, Curtsdotter A, Lagos P, McDonald PG (2020) Myuchelys bellii (Bell's turtle): Unexpected dietary contents. Herpetological Review 51:579-580.   Website


Larkin C, Jenkins R, McDonald PG, Debus SJS (2020) Breeding habitat, nest-site characteristics and productivity of the little eagle (Hieraaetus morphnoides) near Armidale, New South Wales. Pacific Conservation Biology 26: 258-268.   Website





Garnett S, Butchart S, Baker G, Bayraktarov E, Buchanan K, Burbidge A, Chauvenet A, Christidis L, Ehmke G, Grace M, Hoccom D, Legge S, Leiper I, Lindenmayer D, Loyn R, Maron M, McDonald PG, Menkhorst P, Possingham H, Radford J, Reside A, Watson D, Watson J, Wintle B, Woinarski J, Geyle H. (2019). Metrics of progress in the understanding and management of threats to Australian birds. Conservation Biology 33: 456-468.   Website


Hu H, Sansalone G, Wroe S, McDonald PG, O’Connor JK, Li Z, Xu X, Zhou Z (2019) Evolution of the vomer and its implications for cranial kinesis in Paraves. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116: 19571-19578.   Website    In This Issue article


McEvoy JF, Hall GP, McDonald PG. (2019). Movements of Australian Wood Ducks (Chenonetta jubata) in an agricultural landscape. Emu 119: 147-156.   Website


Tsang LR, McDonald PG. (2019). A comparative study of avian pes morphotypes, and the functional implications of Australian raptor pedal flexibility. Emu 119: 14-23.   Website


Tsang LR, Wilson LAB, McDonald PG (2019) Comparing the toepads of Australian diurnal and nocturnal raptors with non-predatory taxa: insights into functional morphology. Journal of Morphology 280: 1682-1692.   Website





Attard MRG, Sherratt E, McDonald PG, Young I, Vidal-García M, Wroe S. (2018). A new, three-dimensional geometric morphometric approach to assess egg shape. PeerJ 6:e5052.   Website


Barati A, Andrew RL, Gorrell JC, Etezadifar F, McDonald PG. (2018). Genetic relatedness and sex predict helper provisioning effort in the cooperative noisy miner (Manorina melanocephala). Behavioral Ecology 29: 1380-89.   Website


Barati A, Andrew RL, Gorrell JC, McDonald PG. (2018). Extra-pair paternity is not driven by inbreeding avoidance and does not affect provisioning rates in a cooperatively breeding bird, the noisy miner (Manorina melanocephala). Behavioral Ecology 29: 244-52.   Website


Bauer AL, McDonald PG. (2018). Interactions between Australian Ravens and raptors in a pastoral area of New South Wales: Interspecific aggression and nest-site spacing. Australian Field Ornithology 35: 1-7.   Website


Butler NE, McDonald PG, Peters RA. (2018). No evidence of eavesdropping on heterospecific alarm calls by captive zebra finches recently descended from wild birds. Journal of Avian Biology 49: e01752.   Website


Davitt G, Maute K, Major RE, McDonald PG, Maron M. (2018). Short‐term response of a declining woodland bird assemblage to the removal of a despotic competitor. Ecology and Evolution 8: 4771-80.   Website


Lambert KT, McDonald PG. (2018). How dependent are Bell Miners (Manorina melanophrys) on Lantana (Lantana camara) as part of their habitat? Wildlife Research 44: 613-22.   Website


Morton CL, Hinch G, Small A, McDonald PG. (2018). Flawed mothering or infant signaling? The effects of deficient

acoustic cues on ovine maternal response. Developmental Psychobiology 60: 975-988.   Website


Perston YL, Andrew NR, McDonald PG. (2018). Implications of climate change on the behaviour and activity patterns of the ubiquitous meat ant, Iridomyrmex purpureus (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Smith, 1858). General and Applied Entomology 46: 1-9.   Website


Wright P, Lambert KT, McDonald PG. (2018). The role of Lantana camara in areas of bell miner (Manorina melanophrys) associated dieback and its implications for terrestrial mammal and insectivorous bat populations. Australian Mammalogy 41: 49-56.   Website




Barati A, McDonald PG. (2017). Nestlings reduce their predation risk by attending to predator-information encoded within conspecific alarm calls. Scientific Reports 7: 11736.   Website


Dorph A, McDonald PG. (2017). The acoustic repertoire and behavioural context of the vocalisations of a nocturnal dasyurid, the eastern quoll (Dasyurus viverrinus). PLoS ONE 12: e0179337.   Website


Farrow LF, Doohan SJ, McDonald PG. (2017). Alarm calls of a cooperative bird are referential and elicit context-specific antipredator behavior. Behavioral Ecology 28: 724–31.   Website


Holt J, Barati A, McDonald PG. (2017). The complex acoustic repertoire of a highly social species, the Noisy Miner, Manorina melanocephala. Emu 117: 19–30.   Website


Lambert KT, Reid N, McDonald PG. (2017). Does the removal of Lantana camara influence eucalypt canopy health, soil nutrients site occupancy of a despotic species? Forest Ecology and Management 394: 104–10.   Website


Tsang LR, Rose A, Fuentes EJ, Olsen J, Trost S, McDonald PG. (2017). A comparison of the diets of the Black-shouldered Kite Elanus axillaris and Nankeen Kestrel Falco cenchroides in the Canberra region. Corella 41: 27-31.   Website




Barati A, Etezadifar F, McDonald PG. (2016). Fragmentation in eucalypt woodlands promotes nest‐tree occupancy by a despotic species, the noisy miner (Manorina melanocephala). Austral Ecology 41: 897–905.   Website


Beckmann C, McDonald PG. (2016). Placement of re-nests following predation: are birds managing risk? Emu 116: 9–13.   Website


Lambert KT, Kumar L, Reid N, McDonald PG. (2016). Habitat selection by a despotic passerine, the Bell Miner (Manorina melanophrys): When restoring habitat through Lantana (Lantana camara) removal is not enough. Ecological Management & Restoration 17: 81–4.   Website


McDonald PG, Rollins LA, Godfrey S. (2016). The relative importance of spatial proximity, kin selection and potential “greenbeard” signals on provisioning behavior among helpers in a cooperative bird. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 70: 133–43.   Website


McEvoy JF, Hall GP, McDonald PG. (2016). Evaluation of unmanned aerial vehicle shape, flight path and camera type for waterfowl surveys: disturbance effects and species recognition. PeerJ 4: e1831.   Website


Wright J, McDonald PG. (2016). Bell miners: Kin-selected helping decisions. Cooperative breeding in vertebrates: Studies of ecology, evolution, and behavior. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, p272–93.   Website




Leseberg NP, Lambert KT, McDonald PG. (2015). Fine‐scale impacts on avian biodiversity due to a despotic species, the bell miner (Manorina melanophrys). Austral Ecology 40: 245–54.   Website




Lambert KTA, Andrew NR, McDonald PG. (2014). The influence of avian biodiversity and a weedy understorey on canopy arthropod assembly. Open Journal of Ecology 4: 1003.   Website


Lambert KT, McDonald PG. (2014). A low‐cost, yet simple and highly repeatable system for acoustically surveying cryptic species. Austral Ecology 39: 779–85.   Website


McDonald PG. (2014). Cooperative breeding beyond kinship: why else do helpers help? Emu 114: 91–6.   Website


Warrington MH, McDonald PG, Griffith SC. (2014). Within-group vocal differentiation of individuals in the cooperatively breeding apostlebird. Behavioral Ecology 26: 493–501.   Website


Warrington MH, McDonald PG, Rollins L-A, Griffith SC. (2014). All signals are not equal: acoustic signalling of individuality, sex and breeding status in a cooperative breeder. Animal Behaviour 93: 249–60.   Website


Warrington MH, McDonald PG, Sager AK, Griffith SC. (2014). The vocal repertoire of the cooperatively breeding Apostlebird (Struthidea cinerea). Emu 114: 206–21.   Website




Kopps AM, McDonald PG, Rollins L-A. (2013). Isolation and characterisation of polymorphic microsatellite loci for Noisy Miners Manorina melanocephala, with successful cross-amplification in Bell Miners M. melanophrys. Conservation Genetic Resources 5: 39–41.   Website


Kross SM, McDonald PG, Nelson XJ. (2013). New Zealand Falcon nests suffer lower predation in agricultural habitat than in natural habitat. Bird Conservation International 23: 512–9.   Website




McDonald PG. (2012). Cooperative bird differentiates between the calls of different individuals, even when vocalizations were from completely unfamiliar individuals. Biology Letters 8: 365–8.   Website


McDonald PG, Griffith SC. (2012). Feather sampling provides an unreliable source of DNA that may well have significant long‐term impacts: a reply to Katzner et al. Journal of Avian Biology 43: 18–20.   Website


McDonald PG, Olsen J, Rose A. (2012). The diet of breeding brown falcons (Falco berigora) in the Canberra region, Australia, with comparisons to other regions. Journal of Raptor Research 46: 394–400.   Website




McDonald PG, Griffith SC. (2011). To pluck or not to pluck: the hidden ethical and scientific costs of relying on feathers as a primary source of DNA. Journal of Avian Biology 42: 197–203.   Website


McDonald PG, Wright J. (2011). Bell miner provisioning calls are more similar among relatives and are used by helpers at the nest to bias their effort towards kin. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 278(1723): 3403–11.   Website




Haythorpe KM, McDonald PG. (2010). Non‐lethal foraging by bell miners on a herbivorous insect: Potential implications for forest health. Austral Ecology 35: 444–50.   Website


McDonald PG, Ewen JG, Wright J. (2010). Brood sex ratio does not affect helper effort in a cooperative bird, despite extreme sex-biased dispersal. Animal Behaviour 79: 243–50.   Website


Wilson DR, McDonald PG, Evans CS. (2010). Mechanisms of mate investment in the polygamous fowl, Gallus gallus. Ethology 116: 755–62.   Website


Wright J, McDonald PG, Marvelde te L, Kazem AJ, Bishop CM. (2010). Helping effort increases with relatedness in bell miners, but “unrelated” helpers of both sexes still provide substantial care. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 277: 437–45.   Website




Kennedy RA, Evans CS, McDonald PG. (2009). Individual distinctiveness in the mobbing call of a cooperative bird, the noisy miner Manorina melanocephala. Journal of Avian Biology 40: 481–90.   Website


McDonald PG, Kazem AJ, Wright J. (2009). Cooperative provisioning dynamics: fathers and unrelated helpers show similar responses to manipulations of begging. Animal Behaviour 77: 369–76.   Website


McDonald PG, Wilson DR, Evans CS. (2009). Nestling begging increases predation risk, regardless of spectral characteristics or avian mobbing. Behavioral Ecology 20: 821–9.   Website


te Marvelde L, McDonald PG, Kazem AJ, Wright J. (2009). Do helpers really help? Provisioning biomass and prey type effects on nestling growth in the cooperative bell miner. Animal Behaviour 77: 727–35.   Website




Dare AJ, McDonald PG, Clarke MF. (2008). The ecological context and consequences of colonisation of a site by bell miners (Manorina melanophrys). Wildlife Research 34: 616–23.   Website


Dare AJ, McDonald PG, Clarke MF. (2008). The social and behavioural dynamics of colony expansion in the Bell Miner (Manorina melanophrys). Emu 108: 175–80.   Website


McDonald PG, Kazem AJ, Clarke MF, Wright J. (2008). Helping as a signal: does removal of potential audiences alter helper behavior in the bell miner? Behavioral Ecology 19: 1047–55.   Website


McDonald PG, te Marvelde L, Kazem AJ, Wright J. (2008). Helping as a signal and the effect of a potential audience during provisioning visits in a cooperative bird. Animal Behaviour 75: 1319–30.   Website


McDonald PG, Wright J. (2008). Provisioning vocalizations in cooperative bell miners (Manorina melanophrys): more than a simple stimulus for nestling begging. Auk 125: 670–8.   Website


Pacheco ML, McDonald PG, Wright J, Kazem AJ, Clarke MF. (2008). Helper contributions to antiparasite behavior in the cooperatively breeding bell miner. Behavioral Ecology 19: 558–66.   Website




McDonald PG, Heathcote CF, Clarke MF, Wright J, Kazem AJN. (2007). Provisioning calls of the cooperatively breeding bell miner Manorina melanophrys encode sufficient information for individual discrimination. Journal of Avian Biology 38: 113–21.   Website


McDonald PG, Kazem AJ, Wright J. (2007). A critical analysis of “false-feeding” behavior in a cooperatively breeding bird: disturbance effects, satiated nestlings or deception? Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 61: 1623–35.   Website




McDonald PG, Baker-Gabb D. (2006). The breeding diet of different Brown Falcon (Falco berigora) pairs occupying the same territory over twenty years apart. Journal of Raptor Research 40: 228–31.   Website


McDonald PG, Kazem A, Clarke MF, Wright J. (2006). Altruistic acts as indicators of quality in a cooperative breeder: Are helpers-at-the-nest 'showing off'? Journal of Ornithology 147: 9–10.   Website




McDonald PG, Olsen PD, Cockburn A. (2005). Selection on body size in a raptor with pronounced reversed sexual size dimorphism: are bigger females better? Behavioral Ecology 16: 48–56.   Website


McDonald PG, Olsen PD, Cockburn A. (2005). Sex allocation and nestling survival in a dimorphic raptor: does size matter? Behavioral Ecology 16: 922–30.   Website




McDonald PG. (2004). The breeding ecology and behaviour of a colour-marked population of Brown Falcons (Falco berigora). Emu 104: 1–6.   Website


McDonald PG, Olsen PD, Cockburn A. (2004). Weather dictates reproductive success and survival in the Australian brown falcon Falco berigora. Journal of Animal Ecology 73: 683–92.   Website


McDonald PG, Williams NP. (2004). Brown falcon Falco berigora pair successfully raise Australian Hobby F. longipennis nestlings. Australian Field Ornithology 21: 40–4.   Website




McDonald PG. (2003). A successful extra-limital breeding record of the Black Kite Milvus migrans south-west of Melbourne, Victoria. Australian Field Ornithology 20: 17–20.   Website


McDonald PG. (2003). Nestling growth and development in the brown falcon Falco berigora: a new method of sex determination and an improved ageing formula. Wildlife Research 30: 411–8.   Website


McDonald PG. (2003). Variable plumage and bare part colouration in the Brown Falcon, Falco berigora: the influence of age and sex. Emu 103: 21–8.   Website


McDonald PG. (2003). Whistlers, In: Encyclopaedia of Birds (Ed. By Perrins C). Firefly Books, Ltd, New York.


McDonald PG, Fonseca CR, Overton J, Westoby M. (2003). Leaf‐size divergence along rainfall and soil‐nutrient gradients: is the method of size reduction common among clades? Functional Ecology 17: 50–7.   Website


McDonald PG, Olsen PD, Baker-Gabb DJ. (2003). Territory fidelity, reproductive success and prey choice in the brown falcon, Falco berigora: a flexible bet-hedger? Australian Journal of Zoology 51: 399–414.   Website




McDonald PG. (2001). The function of vocalisations and aggressive behaviour used by male Rufous Whistlers, Pachycephala rufiventris. Emu 101: 65–72.   Website


McDonald PG, Astheimer LB, Buttemer WA. (2001). Gonadal and hormonal phenology in free-living male rufous whistlers, Pachycephala rufiventris (Passeriformes: Pachycephalidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 49: 651–62.  Website


McDonald PG, Buttemer WA, Astheimer LB. (2001). The influence of testosterone on territorial defence and parental behavior in male free-living rufous whistlers, Pachycephala rufiventris. Hormones and Behavior 39: 185–94. Website






















For more information, contact Prof. Paul McDonald